Animal Nutrition

Lucantin® Yellow (C-30 ester)

Poultry cannot produce carotenoids on their own, which is why the color of egg yolks depends on the carotenoids combination in their diets. However, it is not only the quantity of pigments that matters but also their bioavailability and color intensity. With Lucantin® Yellow (C-30 ester) any egg yolk color between light pastel yellow and reddish is possible.

Key benefits of BASF carotenoids

  • Highly efficient and cost-effective
  • High bioavailability
  • Outstanding stability during storage and feed production
  • Color can be adjusted to meet customer's expectations

Why Lucantin® yellow?


With Lucantin® yellow (C-30 ester) any egg yolk color between light pastel yellow and dark orange is possible. But not only hue is important, color intensity counts, too. The human eye merges both attributes to one color impression, and the perfect pigmentation will always have to score on both levels.

Role in animal nutrition

In poultry, C­30 ester is used as a feed additive for pigmentation of egg yolks and broiler skin. It is the most efficacious yellow pigment available to poultry producers. In comparison with xanthophylls from plants, C­30 ester provides three times more coloring potential in egg yolks and 1.5 times better coloration when used in skin pigmentation.

Any variation (like subclinical diseases etc.) can lead to undesirable fluctuation in yolk color. And adding a little red pigment will not compensate for the lack of yellow, but may even lead to off-colored eggs. Therefore, when it comes to the level of yellow pigment in the hens’ diet, farmers should make sure that the level is high enough and remains consistent from one day to the next. Luckily, BASF Lucantin® is the right choice for both parts of the job.

Dosage recommendations

Lucantin® Yellow dosage recommendations for layer feeds (based on BASF Ovocolor scale, 2001)

Content of natural yellow coloring carotenoids (ppm) Supplements of Lucantin® dry powder in g/t of feed for an intended color scale value of:
  6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
0-2 20 25 25 25 25 30 30 30 35 35
2-4 15 20 20 20 20 20 25 25 30 30
4-6 10 15 15 15 20 20 20 20 25 30
6-8 5 10 10 10 15 15 15 20 20 25
8-10 - - - - - - - 10 15 15
10-12 - - - - - - - - 10 10
12-16 - - - - - - - - - -
16+ - - - - - - - - - -

Disclaimer: National regulations may vary and need to be considered prior to product use.

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Our Solutions



Everyone who cares about food should care about its color. Color is more than just good looks; it is important for taste, for appeal, and for perceived quality of food. At BASF we try to help farmers create more value from fewer resources. That is why carotenoids play such an important part in our work. The color of egg yolks, broiler skin, salmonids or shrimp determines how much a farmer will receive for his efforts.


The color of egg yolks ranges from a very pale, powdery yellow to a deep, dark, golden orange depending on a range of influences such as the carotenoid content in the diet, or the age of the hen. At the same time, markets around the globe have very clear preferences as to the desired color. Luckily, farmers who want to meet market demands can rely on Lucantin® Yellow, Lucantin® Red and Lucantin® CX forte for precise results.

Use Areas



BASF’s feed additives help poultry, such as laying hens and broilers, to make better use of the energy in their feed. The enzyme Natugrain® TS, for example, makes wheat and barley easier to digest. We also provide Lucantin®, which gives eggs their appealing yellow-orange yolks.